Breast cancer is a type of cancer is the number two killer of women Indonesia after cervical cancer (cancer of the mouth or neck of the womb). Therefore, this disease needs to watch out. Early detection of this disease will increase the chances of survival are. Does being a woman can become immune to breast cancer? What should be done to prevent it?
Breast cancer is the abnormal cell growth in breast tissue person. When you have reached an advanced stage, breast removal is sometimes performed for patient safety. This is certainly a scary thing for a woman.
Almost all cancers have a specific cause. For example the majority of cases of skin cancer caused by the sun’s ultraviolet rays. While lung cancer caused by smoking. But there is no single definitive cause for breast cancer.
Several factors could be the cause of breast cancer. Eg genetic, environmental, and hormones may contribute to breast cancer. Women are vulnerable to these factors may have a higher risk.
Breast Cancer Risk Factors
No one knows exactly what causes breast cancer. Based on the statistical results, most breast cancer patients are women aged above 50 years. This means that the older a person, the better the chance of developing this disease is great. Another factor influencing is family history. If there are families who suffer from this disease like a mother or sibling, the chances will be even greater. Breast cancer can also be caused by previous cancer in other organs that spread to the breast. Or if there is a history of cancer in other organs.
Another thing that can trigger cancer is lifestyle. Frequent consumption of foods containing chemicals or carcinogenic, alcohol, or smoking.
Preventing Breast Cancer
One breast cancer prevention is a healthy diet. It is estimated that one in three breast cancer cases are due to dietary factors. A good diet will help to maintain your immune system and this is the most powerful disease prevention. Although there has been no food that can cure cancer, eating certain foods and reduce certain other foods can be a precaution.
Foods rich in fiber, can help lower levels of prolactin and estrogen, possibly by attaching themselves to these hormones and put them out of the body. It can suppress the late phase of carcinogenesis (cancer formation). In addition, reducing saturated fatty foods can reduce the risk. Soybeans and soy products without fermented can inhibit tumor growth.
Vegetables are rich in vitamin A, such as carrots, squash, sweet potatoes, vegetables and dark green leafy vegetables such as spinach, kale and mustard greens, may help. Vitamin A prevents the formation of cancer-causing mutations. As for fruits and vegetables rich in vitamin C reduce the risk of breast cancer.
Early Detection of Breast Cancer
Lumps in the breast area may indicate the possibility of breast cancer. But not necessarily all lumps mean cancer because it should be examined further for certainty in the hospital or doctor.
The key to survival is to detect breast cancer early, before it has a chance to spread. Another indication of this disease is a lump in the armpit, breast pain, change in the color or texture of the breast, nipple drawn into, areola (the area around the nipple brown), or on the nipple. In some cases, breast cancer is detected from the discharge from the nipple yellowish, greenish, or pus.
The key to survival is to detect breast cancer early, before it has a chance to spread. One cause of the high mortality from this disease due to lack of awareness to detect the symptoms are there. Generally after to the complaints of heavy, new patients to consult a doctor which often means the cancer is in an advanced stage. Therefore, when the disease has reached an advanced stage, it will be difficult to cure.
Check Breast Self
So that people, especially women can perform breast examinations on a regular basis, then created a movement called Realize or Sarari which stands for “Breast Self Check”. It is recommended that the examination was performed 1 month after menstruation approximately 4-7 days after menstruation.
In this examination, things to do are:
- Standing in front of a mirror with your shoulders straight and your hands on the waist. See if there are physical perubaan your breast, such as changes in shape, size or color of the breast.
- Raise both hands up and notice that there are no physical changes in the breast that look.
- Press nipple and see if there is a discharge from the nipple.
- Lie down and touch the right side of the breast with his left hand and so on. Create a pattern of play and feel whether there is a lump in the breast and more.
- When sitting or standing try to massage the breast to find out if there is a suspicious lump. Raba underarm area to the abdomen to check.
Be aware of the movement can be made by the spouse to his wife. Or the husband can remind his wife to conduct regular checks Realize. The role of the family certainly can facilitate the detection of this disease.
If You Hit Breast Cancer
When someone was diagnosed with breast cancer, most patients will immediately be emotionally devastated. They feel a death sentence, although the patient may be cured even more when it is still in early stages. In advanced stages, emotional and psychological impact can cause a depressed cancer patients. It can worsen the situation. For that, it needs the support of the family or friends.
Breast cancer patients should tell their family or friends because people need the support of those closest to the emotional aftermath endured. It is normal if the patient does not want to tell family or friends about their illness. The reason is because they do not want to bother or make the people who heard the sad or worried. But, imagine the opposite situation, when you are not informed by the family or close friend that he was suffering from cancer, would you be more upset because you do not know and may not provide the required assistance.
Friend is someone who lives closest and you can talk to find the best treatment and the impact that may be experienced. Breast cancer patients may feel inferior to the situation so as to affect the marital relationship. Preferably, it is also discussed with your husband to be understood and can provide assistance by giving a hug or other endearment.
Children are young may not understand what was happening. However, if your child has to talk, you can tell in simple language what is meant by breast cancer and the effects that might happen to you physically as hair loss from chemotherapy or changes in the breast. It is important that children who are innocent do not get the wrong information from people who are not responsible to make them mennjadi fear or hate you or feel that what you experience from their mistakes.
Not all of your friends or family are not too close to be notified if you feel uncomfortable to pass. You also do not need to respond to all comments given by friends, family or other people who know your disease. There is always a positive and negative comments. So, it is not excessive to consider that can damage your body’s endurance.
To add to the spirit, you can join a group of fellow breast cancer sufferers. In Indonesia, the Indonesian Cancer Foundation can accommodate these needs. In this group, they can give encouragement and confidence so that you can recover. Stories from other patients might be able to make you feel your situation is still better. Or stories from other patients were determined to fight the disease and can be cured can help you gain strength to not give up on the state.
So, still eager to fight your illness. If any family member or friend suffering from a tumor or breast cancer, you can provide the necessary support for knowing the suffering they experienced. They can help support their recovery.